Monday, March 26, 2018

Process Alarm Primer

process alarm montoring units
Moore Industries shares their expertise on process alarm
setups and processing in their comprehensive white paper.
Moore Industries has a long history of designing and manufacturing process measurement and control specialties. Their unquestioned expertise at alarm monitoring and processing is encapsulated in a technical brochure entitled "Alarm Trips: The Ups and Downs".

The paper covers a number of subjects related to process alarms.

  • Hard vs. Soft Alarms
  • Basic Limit Alarm Trip Functions
  • Alarm Trip Relay Responses
  • Transmitter Excitation
  • Redundant Architecture
Each of the subjects is covered at a useful level of explanation and detail, with illustrations that provide additional clarity. An excerpt from the brochure is included below. Share your process monitoring and alarm challenges with process automation and control specialists and request a full copy of the brochure.

Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Data Acquisition: Essential for Process Improvement

compact data acquisition units for process control
Examples of modern process control data acquisition units.
Image courtesy Yokogawa-USA
Data acquisition, like an equipment acquisition, is the procurement of an asset. Data is an asset. It helps an operator evaluate process or business conditions and make decisions that impact the success of the organization. Let’s define data acquisition as the sampling of signals that represent a measurement of physical conditions and the conversion of those signals into a numeric form that can be processed by a computer. A data acquisition system will generally consist of collection device or terminal, sensors, transmitters, converters, processors, and other devices which perform specialized functions in gathering measurements and transforming them into a usable form.

Industrial process operators and stakeholders benefit from the collection and analysis of data by enhancing performance of valuable facets of the process or activity. Data acquisition, commonly known as DAQ, is widely employed in high stakes and sophisticated processes where there is a compelling need to know current conditions and retain a history of those passed. A desire for increased profit drives the need for increased process output and efficiency. A desire to reduce risk of loss drives the need for reduced downtime and improved safety. Today, there are likely many useful applications for data acquisition that are not being tapped to their fullest potential. The modest cost and simplicity of putting a data acquisition system in place, compared to the benefits that can be derived from a useful analysis of the data for your operation or process, makes the installation of a data acquisition system a positive move for even small and unsophisticated operators in today’s market.

What we call DAQ today started in the 1960’s when computers became available to businesses of large scale and deep pockets. By the 1980’s, personal computers employed in the business environment could be outfitted with input cards that enabled the PC to read sensor data. Today, there is an immense array of measurement and data collection devices available, spanning the extremes of price points and technical capability. For a reasonable cost, you can measure and collect performance data on just about anything. You can get an impression of the simplicity, modularity, and compactness of a modern system with a quick review of this product.

Data acquisition has an application anywhere an operator or stakeholder can benefit from knowing what is occurring within the bounds of their process or operation. Here is a partial list of the many physical conditions that can be measured in industrial, commercial and research settings:
  • Temperature
  • Pressure
  • Flow
  • Force
  • Switch Open or Closed
  • Rotational or Linear Position
  • Light Intensity
  • Voltage
  • Current
  • Images
  • Rotational Speed
  • Gas Concentration
Consider your industrial process or operation. Are there things you would like to know about it that you do not? Would you like to increase your insight into the workings of the process, how changes in one condition may impact another? Do you know what operating condition of each component of your process will produce the best outcomes? Is reducing maintenance, or heading off a failure condition before it occurs something you would like to have in your operation? Applying your creativity, ingenuity and technical knowledge, along with the help of a product expert, will help you get the information you need to improve the outcomes from your industrial process or operation.

Friday, March 9, 2018

In Situ Gas Analyzers

process measurement in situ gas analyzers
Several variants of in situ process gas analyzers
Image courtesy Sick, Inc.
Measurement and analysis of combustion gas is a common and necessary task that assists in fulfilling regulatory compliance requirements and attaining highest fuel efficiency levels. Gas analysis is also utilized in many processes for quality assurance, process control and other applications. In situ gas analyzers can target specific gas constituents and provide continuous streams of measurement data for single or multiple target gas components.

An in situ analyzer is a permanently installed instrument that resides right in the process. Its sensor is installed within the process gas stream. These devices, because of this locating, must be physically rugged and able to provide sufficient resistance to corrosion, heat, moisture and other environmental conditions found at a process facility. Additionally, some may require compliance with requirements for installation in a rated hazardous area. 

The benefits derived from overcoming the challenges of in situ location of the analyzer are substantial, especially when compared to the alternative of periodic gas sampling and laboratory analysis.
  • Direct, fast in-situ measurement directly in the process
  • No gas sampling, transport or conditioning
  • Up to eight measuring components at the same time, plus process temperature and pressure
  • Numerous independent measuring ranges with consistent accuracy
  • Overpressure encapsulated design for ATEX Zones 1 and 2
Share your combustion and process gas analysis and measurement challenges with application specialists. An effective solution will come from leveraging your own process knowledge and experience with their product application expertise.